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History
Harrier Production

The table below details the 45 Harrier family variants that have flown since 1960. All first generation Harriers and Sea Harriers were built in the UK, mainly at the Kingston factory, with major components supplied by the Brough and Hamble sites of Hawker Siddeley/BAe. First flights were all from Dunsfold. Harrier II production was divided between the UK and USA, with final assembly and flight testing of most aircraft being at the McDonnell Douglas/Boeing plant at St.Louis, Missouri. RAF Harrier IIs were mostly assembled at Kingston and flown from Dunsfold, with the exception of the thirteen T.Mk.10 trainers, which were assembled and flew from Warton. Rolls-Royce at Bristol supplied all the Pegasus engines, with around 25% of components for USMC Harrier IIs being supplied by Pratt & Whitney.

Production Table

Notes: Where a type was made up of both new build and converted airframes, serials and first flight dates are for new build aircraft only. Totals of converted and rebuilt aircraft are shown in brackets. First flight dates show any gaps in production by separate year entries.

Type
Comments
Engine
Serials
First Flight(s)

Total

P.1127
Experimental V/STOL prototype fighter. To specification ER.204D
11,300-12,000 lb Bristol/Bristol Siddeley BE/BS.53 Pegasus 2, 12,000-13,050 lb Pegasus 3.

XP831 & XP836

1960-61
2
P.1127
Development batch
V/STOL fighter development aircraft. (XP984 was the Pegasus 5 powered Kestrel prototype)
13,050 lb Bristol Siddeley BS.53 Pegasus 3 15,200 lb Bristol Siddeley BS.53 Pegasus 5.
XP972, XP976, XP980 & XP984 .

1962-64

4
Kestrel
FGA.Mk. 1
V/STOL ground attack fighter for tripartite evaluation by UK, USA and FRG. In USA designated XV-6A.To specification FGA.236
15,200 lb Bristol Siddeley BS.53 Pegasus 5.
XS688-XS696
1964-65
9
P.1127
(RAF)
Development batch V/STOL ground attack and reconnaissance fighter. To specification SR.255 & ASR 384
19,000 lb Bristol Siddeley BS.53 Pegasus 6, 20,500 lb Pegasus 10, 21,500 lb Pegasus 11.
XV276 - XV281.
1966-67
6
Harrier
GR.Mk.1
V/STOL ground attack and reconnaissance fighter.
19,000 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 6/Mk.101.
XV738-762, 776-810 & XW630
1967-71
61
Harrier
GR.Mk.1A
V/STOL ground attack and reconnaissance fighter. Re-engined GR.Mk1 and new build.
20,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 10/Mk.102.
XW916-924 & XW763-770
1971-72
17
(41)
Harrier
GR.Mk.3
V/STOL ground attack and reconnaissance fighter. LRMTS. Converted and re-engined GR.Mk.1/1A and new build.
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.103.
XZ128-139, 963-973, 987-999 & ZD667-670
1976-77, 1980-82, 1986
40
(61)
HS.1174
Development batch two Seat V/STOL ground attack and reconnaissance fighter and trainer. To SR(A)386
19,000 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 6, 20500 lb Pegasus 10, 21,500 lb Pegasus 11.
XW174 & XW175.
1969
2
Harrier
T.Mk.2
Two Seat V/STOL ground attack and reconnaissance fighter and trainer.
19,000 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 6/Mk.101.
XW264-272 & XW925
1969-71
10
Harrier
T.Mk.2A
Two Seat V/STOL ground attack and reconnaissance fighter and trainer. Re-engined T.Mk. 2 and new build.
20,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 10/Mk.102.
XW926-927 & XW933-934
1972-73
4
(10)
Harrier
T.Mk.4
Two Seat V/STOL ground attack and reconnaissance fighter and trainer.LRMTS. Converted and re-engined T.Mk. 2/2A and new build.
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.103.
XZ145-147 & 445, ZB600-603 & ZD990-993
1976, 1979, 1982-83 & 1987
12
(13)
Harrier
T.Mk.4A
Two Seat V/STOL active control technology aircraft for the RAE/DRA with Vectored thrust Advanced Aircraft flight Control (VAAC) system.
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.103.
XW175.
1986
(1)
Harrier
Mk. 52.
Two Seat V/STOL company demonstrator. .
21,500 lbRolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.103.

G-VTOL/

ZA250.

1971
1
AV-8A
Harrier
Mk. 50
V/STOL ground attack and reconnaissance fighter for the United States Marine Corps (USMC). Initially designated AV-6B.
20,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus10/Mk.102/ F402-RR-400 and 21,500 lb Pegasus 11/Mk.103/F402-RR-401 or 402.
158384-395, 158694-711, 158948-977, 159230-259, 159366-377
1971-76
102
AV-8C
Harrier
AV-8A modified for extended life and improved capability
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/F402-RR-402.
Retained AV-8A serials.
1979-84
(47)
TAV-8A
Harrier
Mk. 54.
Two Seat V/STOL trainer for the United States Marine Corps (USMC).
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.103/F402-RR-402.
159378-385
1975-76
8
AV-8S
Harrier
Mk. 55 'Matador'
V/STOL ground attack and reconnaissance fighter for the Spanish Navy. Seven sold to Thailand in 1996.
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.150.
159557-562, 161174-178 (US BuNo)
1975-76 & 1980
11
TAV-8S
Harrier
Mk. 58 'Matador'
Two Seat V/STOL trainer for the Spanish Navy. Both sold to Thailand 1996.
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.150.
159563-564
1976
2
Sea Harrier
Development batch V/STOL interceptor, reconnaisance and strike fighter for the Royal Navy.
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.104.
XZ438 - 440.
1978
3
Sea Harrier FRS.Mk.1
V/STOL interceptor, reconnaisance and strike fighter for the Royal Navy.
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.104.
XZ450-460 & 491-500, ZA174-177 & 190-195, ZD578-582 & 607-614, ZE690-698
1978-83, 1985-88
54
Harrier
T.Mk.4N
Two Seat FRS.Mk.1 V/STOL trainer for the Royal Navy.
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.103.
ZB604-606
1983
3
Sea Harrier FRS.Mk.51
V/STOL interceptor, reconnaisance and strike fighter for the Indian Navy.
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.151-32.
IN601-623
1982-83, 1989-91
23
Harrier
T.Mk.60
Two Seat FRS.Mk.1 V/STOL trainer for the Indian Navy.
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.151.
IN651-654
1983, 1990-91
4
Harrier
T.Mk.4(I)
Two Seat FRS.Mk.1 V/STOL trainer for the Indian Navy. Converted ex-RAF T.Mk.4
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.151.
IN655-656
2002
(2)
Sea Harrier FRS.Mk.2
Development batch of major mid life update. Blue Vixen radar, AMRAAM etc. FRS.Mk.1 conversions.
21,500 Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.106.
ZA195, XZ439.
1988
(2)
Sea Harrier FRS.Mk. 2/
FA.2
Major mid life update of FRS.Mk.1. Conversion and new build.
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.106.
ZH796-813
1995-98
18
(29)
Harrier
T.Mk.8N
Conversions of T.Mk. 4/4N to FRS.Mk. 2/FA 2 V/STOL trainer for the Royal Navy.
21,500 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.106.
ZB603-605 & ZD992-993
1994-96
(5)
YAV- 8B
McDonnell Douglas conversion of AV-8A as prototype V/STOL ` ground attack fighter for the USMC.
21,180 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.105/F402-RR-404 or 404A.
158394, 158395.
1978
(2)
AV- 8B
Harrier II
Full Scale Development (FSD) V/STOL ground attack fighter for the USMC. Joint McDonnell Douglas-British Aerospace design and manufacture.
21,180 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.105/F402-RR-404 or 404A.
161396 - 161399.
1982
4
AV- 8B
Harrier II
V/STOL ground attack fighter for the USMC. Joint McDonnell Douglas-British Aerospace manufacture.
21,180 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11/Mk.105/F402-RR-404 or 404A and 21,450 lb Pegasus 11-21/Mk.106/F402-RR-406 or 406A.
In range 162942-163852
1983-89
162
EAV-8B
Harrier II
AV-8B for Spanish Navy.
21,450 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-21/Mk. 152-42.
163010-021
1987-88
12
TAV-8B
Harrier II
Two Seat V/STOL trainer version of AV-8B for the USMC and Spanish Navy.
21,450 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-21/Mk.106/F402-RR-406 or 406A.
In range 162747-164542 & Spanish 165036
1986-92
23
AV-8B
Night
Attack
(NA). Originally to be known as AV-8D
AV-8B with FLIR & NVGs.
Uprated engine from 15th airframe. One AV-8B converted as development aircraft (serial 163853)
21,450 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-21/Mk.106/F402-RR-406A or 23,800 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-61/F404-RR-408.
In range 163853-16547
1989-93
72
(1)
AV-8B
Harrier II+
Radar equipped AV-8B. Conversion and new build for USMC, new build for Italian Navy.
Converted aircraft allocated new serials (165305 and up).
23,800 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-61/F402-RR-408.
164548 -571 and 165001-006.
Italian BuNo 164563-165019
1993-97
43
(72)
TAV-8B
Harrier II+
Two Seat V/STOL trainer version of AV-8B+ for Italian Navy.
23,800 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-61/F402-RR-408.
BuNo 164136-137
1990-91
2
EAV-8B
Harrier II+
AV-8B Harrier II+ for Spanish Navy. New build and EAV-8B rebuilds.
23,800 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus F402-RR- 408.
BuNo 163028-035
1995-97
8
(11)
Harrier
GR.Mk.5 Development
batch
AV-8B based ground attack and reconnaisance fighter for the RAF. Joint McDonnell Douglas-British Aerospace design and manufacture.
21,750 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-21/Mk. 105.
ZD318, ZD319.
1985
2
Harrier
GR.Mk.5
AV-8B based ground attack and reconnaisance fighter for the RAF. Joint McDonnell Douglas-British Aerospace production. To ASR 409.
21,750 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-21/Mk. 105.
ZD320-330, ZD345-355, ZD375-380, ZD400-412.
1987-89
41
Harrier
GR.Mk.5A
Harrier GR.Mk.5 with provision for FLIR etc. All converted to GR.Mk.7 before service. New build and conversion.
21,750 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-21/Mk. 105.
ZD430-438, ZD461-470
1989-90
19
(3)
Harrier
GR.Mk.7
Harrier GR.Mk.5 development with FLIR, NVG etc. for night attack. New build and converted GR.Mk.5/5A
21,750 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-21/Mk. 105.
ZG471-480, ZG500-512, ZG530-533, ZG856-862
1990-92
34
(53)
Harrier
GR.Mk.7A
Harrier GR.Mk.7 with uprated engine. Converted GR.Mk.7 - all to be converted to GR.Mk. 9A standard.
23,800 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-61/Mk. 107.
?
2002-04
(20)
Harrier
GR.Mk. 9
Harrier GR.Mk.7 development with enhanced weapons capability and updated avionics etc. Converted GR.Mk.7.
21,750 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-21/Mk. 105.
?
2003-06
(10)
Harrier
GR.Mk 9A
Harrier GR.Mk.7 development with uprated engine of GR.Mk.7A and enhanced weapons capability and updated avionics etc. of GR.Mk. 9. Converted GR.Mk.7/7A.
23,800 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-61/Mk. 107.
?
2003-06
(30)
Harrier
T.Mk.10
TAV-8A and GR.Mk.7 based two Seat V/STOL ground attack and reconnaissance fighter and trainer.
21,750 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-21/Mk. 105
ZH653-665
1994-95
13
Harrier
T.Mk.12
T.Mk. 12 with enhanced weapons capability and updated avionics etc. of GR.Mk. 9. Converted T.Mk.10.
21,750 lb Rolls-Royce Pegasus 11-21/Mk.105
?
2003-06
(12)

Data in first three columns is mainly extracted from a table of Kingston aircraft production compiled by C.J. Farara at Brooklands Museum, Oct.2000. Additional material sourced from Harrier - The Vertical Reality by Roy Braybrook and The Harrier Story by A.M.Thornborough and P.E.Davies. For full details of these books, go to our Sources page. Additional material by Michael Pryce.


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